Jasmin recently asked us a question via Twitter:
What key ranges would you suggest for women to lead in? Most recorded worship songs are led by male vocals.
The congregational vocal range is an essential thing to keep in mind when choosing which songs to sing. Let’s face it: as musicians, most of us have a wider (if not higher) singing range than most of the congregation. That’s not bragging – a lot of it comes down to consistent practice.
At any rate, to answer Jasmin’s question, there are a couple things to keep in mind.
First, every song is going to be different, and some will have too wide a range to be comfortable for most congregations (such as Chris Tomlin’s “Jesus Son Of God” – great song, but it requires too many vocal acrobatics for most churches).
Second, you want to remember that most congregations won’t be able sing higher than an Eb (and D is a safer bet). Conversely, the lowest you should go is around an A.
Third, that range can vary based on demographics. If you’re leading a group of older men, stay on the lower end of that range.
Fourth, when changing a song’s key, it’s important to preserve the energy of the song. Keying it too low can lessen a song’s momentum and impact, while keying too high can have the opposite effect.
To answer Jasmin’s specific question about gender: don’t let the gender of the singer throw you off. Choose a key for the song that respects the congregation’s range while still being comfortable for you to sing. I wish I could give you a hard and fast rule for what notes that should be, but without knowing you or your congregations, guidelines are the best I can do. 🙂
Lastly, here are some resources for further reading:
- David Manner has a great cheat sheet listing many popular congregational songs and good keys to sing them in here
- Kim Gentes has a thorough article about congregation range here
- Bob Kauflin has some additional resources here
Jasmin, I hope this helps! 🙂